تأثیر کنترل فساد و افزایش نقدینگی بر رشد اقتصادی کشورهای منتخب در حال توسعه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه اقتصاد دانشکده اقتصاد و مدیریت دانشگاه اورمیه

2 کارشناس ارشد گروه اقتصاد دانشکده اقتصاد و مدیریت دانشگاه اورمیه

چکیده

پدیده فساد عارضه‌ای است که امروزه گریبان‌ همه کشورها اعم از توسعه یافته و یا کمتر توسعه یافته را گرفته است. از طرف دیگر، انضباط و ثبات نقدینگی شرط اصلی ثبات اقتصادی است. رشد بی‌رویه نقدینگی باعث گسترش مانده‌های سوداگرانه پولی و بخش‌‌های نامولد در اقتصاد شده و موجبات گسترش فساد در اقتصاد را فراهم می‌نماید. با توجه به رابطه نقدینگی و فساد و اثرات آن‌ها بر رشد اقتصادی، هدف مقاله حاضر بررسی تأثیر کنترل فساد و نقدینگی بر رشد اقتصادی است. در این مطالعه از روش داده‌های تابلویی پویا  برای 31 کشور منتخب در حال توسعه استفاده شده است. نتایج برآورد الگو در دورۀ 2002 تا 2014 گویای این است که کنترل فساد، رشد اقتصادی را در کشورهای منتخب افزایش داده است. همچنین نتایج پژوهش نشان می‌دهد در صورتی که همزمان کنترل فساد و نقدینگی افزایش یابند، نقدینگی بیشتر می‌تواند از طریق کنترل فساد به رشد اقتصادی بیشتر بینجامد. علاوه بر این افزایش جهانی‌ سازی و سرمایه سرانه اثر مثبت و معنا‌داری بر رشد اقتصادی کشورهای منتخب داشته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of Corruption and Liquidity Control on Economic Growth in Selected Developing Countries

نویسندگان [English]

  • S. Jmaledin Mohseni Zonouzi 1
  • Samad Hekmati Farid 1
  • Somayyeh Talebpour 2
1 Assistant Professor of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Urmia University
2 M.A in Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Urmia University
چکیده [English]

Nowadays the corruption is a problem that is faced by all countries, whether developed or less developed.. On the other hand, the stability of liquidity are the main factor of economic stability. Uncontrolled growth of liquidity leads to higher speculative demand for money and growth of non-productive sectors in economy and the corruption occurs in such condition.
 Due to the relationship between liquidity and corruption and their effects on economic growth, this paper is aimed to investigate the impact of controlling corruption on GDP through liquidity channel. In this study, GMM dynamic panel method for 31 selected developing countries is used. The results of estimation for the period 2002 -2012 indicates that Control of corruption in developing countries has a positive and significant impact on economic growth. Also in situation of Simultaneous increase in Control of corruption and Liquidity, increasing of  Liquidity can improve economic growth via more Control of corruption. Moreover results indicate that increasing of  globalization and per capita capital has a significant positive effect on economic growth.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Corruption
  • Dynamic Panel Data
  • Economic Growth
  • liquidity
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