تأثیر عوامل اجتماعی- فرهنگی بر رشد اقتصادی ایران: رویکرد داده‌های تابلویی و خوشه‌بندی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه اقتصاد دانشکده علوم اجتماعی و تربیتی دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه

2 کارشناس ارشد رشته علوم اقتصادی گروه اقتصاد دانشکده علوم اجتماعی و تربیتی دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه

چکیده

با توجه به اهمیت روز افزون اثرگذاری فرهنگ و عوامل اجتماعی- فرهنگی در مباحث اقتصادی، در پژوهش حاضر با استفاده از روش حداقل مربعات داده‌های تابلویی و فرآیند خوشه بندی، تأثیر این عوامل بر رشد اقتصادی به تفکیک استانی در سال‌های 1391-1388 بررسی شده است. نتایج نشان می‌دهد نرخ باسوادی دارای رابطه مستقیم با درآمد سرانه‌ی واقعی، و نرخ فقر و نرخ بیکاری دارای رابطه معکوس با درآمد سرانه‌ی حقیقی است، همچنین با تفکیک استانهای ایران به سه گروه و محاسبه‌ شاخص توسعه انسانی، گروه‌بندی استان‌ها و روند تغییرات آن‌ها مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of Socio-Cultural Factors on Iran’s Economic Growth using Panel Data Method and Clustering Analysis

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shahram Fattahi 1
  • Jamal Fathollahi 1
  • Elnaz Askari 2
1 Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University of Kermanshah
2 MA in Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University of Kermanshah
چکیده [English]

Given the increasing importance of the influence of culture and socio-cultural factors on economic issues, in this study, using the method of least squares panel data and clustering analysis, the impact of these factors on economic growth of provinces in the years 2009-2012 are investigated. The results indicate that there is a positive relationship between literacy rates and per capita real income, also the negative relationship between unemployment and poverty rates with per capita real income. Finally, dividing Iranian provinces into three groups, and computing HDI index, the rankings of provinces and the trend of their changes for different time periods are evaluated.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Economic Growth
  • Prosperity
  • Human Development Index
  • Clustering Analysis
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برآورد کشش‌های جانشینی نهاده انرژی در تابع تولید کلان اقتصاد ایران به روش CES دو مرحله‌ای