ترکیب مالیاتی و رشد اقتصادی در کشورهای درحال توسعه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد، دانشگاه مازندران

چکیده

هدف این مقاله بررسی ارتباط بین تغییر ترکیب مالیاتی و رشد بلندمدت با استفاده از داده‌های 37 کشور درحال توسعه آسیایی و آفریقایی شامل ایران، طی دورۀ 2012-1972 است. بدین منظور، اثر تغییر در اجزاء تشکیل دهندۀ درآمدهای مالیاتی بر نرخ رشد تولید ناخالص داخلی سرانه با استفاده از روش میانگین گروهی تلفیقی مورد مطالعه قرار گرفته است. نتایج این مطالعه نشان می‌دهد که حرکت از سمت مالیات‌های بر مصرف و دارایی به سمت مالیات‌های درآمدی بر رشد اقتصادی اثری منفی دارد. سایر یافته‌های مهم این تحقیق عبارتند از: بین رشد بلندمدت و مالیات‌های بر فروش و دارایی ارتباطی قوی و مثبت وجود دارد؛ انتقال از مالیات‌های درآمدی به مالیات­ بر دارایی، بیشتر از انتقال به مالیات‌های بر مصرف و فروش، رشد بلندمدت را افزایش می‌دهد؛ مالیات بر ارزش افزوده و فروش بر رشد بلندمدت اثری مثبت و معنادار دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Tax Composition and Economic Growth in Developing Countries

نویسندگان [English]

  • Narges Akbarpoor Roshan
  • Marzieh Haji Karami
Ph.D. Candidate, University of Mazandaran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relation between changes in tax composition and long-run economic growth using a dataset of 37 Asian and African developing countries including Iran during the period 1972-2012. To do this, a Pooled Mean Group (PMG) procedure has been used to estimate the impacts of changes in tax component on the rate of growthof GDP per capita. Findings show that a shift from consumption and property taxes to income taxes has a negative association with economic growth. Other results are: (1) there is a strong positive relation between sales and property taxes and long-run economic growth; (2) a shift from income taxes to property taxes increases long-run economic growth more than a shift from income taxes to consumption and sales taxes; (3) value added and sales taxes have a significantly positive effect on long-run economic growth. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Economic Growth
  • Tax Composition
  • Developing countries
  • Pooled Mean Group (PMG) Method

 

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