تحلیل پویای اثر مخارج نظامی بر رشد اقتصادی کشورهای نفتی و غیرنفتی خاورمیانه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه اقتصاد، دانشگاه بوعلی‌سینا

2 دانشجوی دکتری دانشگاه لرستان

چکیده

هدف از این تحقیق، بررسی اثر مخارج نظامی بر رشد اقتصادی کشورهای نفتی و غیر نفتی خاورمیانه در قالب مدل پانل پویا است. قرارگرفتن خاورمیانه در منطقه‌ای حساس و استراتژیک از یک‌سو و روند افزایشی مخارج نظامی کشورهای این منطقه از سویی دیگر، لزوم بررسی اثر مخارج نظامی بر رشد اقتصادی کشورهای این منطقه را مهم جلوه می‌دهد. در این راستا، از یک مدل سولوی تعمیم‌یافته (ارائه‌شده توسط نایت، لوئیزا و ویلانوا (1996)) طی دوره‌ی زمانی (2012-1988) استفاده شده است. یافته‌های این تحقیق با استفاده از روش گشتاورهای تعمیم‌یافته (GMM)، نشان‌دهنده اثر منفی مخارج نظامی بر رشد اقتصادی کشورهای خاورمیانه است. همچنین، با تفکیک کشورهای این منطقه به دو گروه کشورهای نفتی و غیرنفتی نشان داده شده است که تأثیر منفی این مخارج بر رشد اقتصادی، در کشورهای نفتی بیشتر از کشورهای غیرنفتی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Dynamic Analysis of Military Expenses Impact on Economic Growth in the Oil and Non-Oil Middle East Countries

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Mowlaei 1
  • Abolghasem Golkhandan 2
1 Assistant Professor of Economics. Bu-Ali Sina University
2 University of Lorestan
چکیده [English]

This paper examines the impact of military expenses on economic growth of oil and non- oil Middle East countries by a dynamic model. Since Middle East countries are placed in a strategic region and their military expenses are increasing continuously, the study of relation between military expenses and economic growth of these countries is very important. In this regard, used an augmented Solow model (proposed by Knight, Loayza and Villanueva (1996)) during the period (1988-2012). The results of this research by using generalized method of moments show the negative impact of military expenses on economic growth in the Middle East countries. Also, by separation of countries in this area to the two groups of oil and non-oil countries shown that the negative impact of these expenses on economic growth in the oil countries is more than non-oil countries.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Defense Expenses
  • Economic Growth
  • Augmented Solow Model
  • Middle East Oil and Non-Countries
  • Dynamic Panel Model
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