عوامل اقتصادی و اجتماعی مؤثر بر طلاق در ایران با تأکید بر ادوار تجاری، آموزش و اشتغال زنان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه اقتصاد دانشکده اقتصاد و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 استادیار گروه حقوق اقتصادی دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

3 دانشجوی دکتری علوم اقتصادی دانشکده اقتصاد و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

در مقاله حاضر، به نقش عوامل اقتصادی و اجتماعی موثر بر طلاق در ایران پرداخته شده است. از ویژگی­های این مطالعه بررسی موضوعاتی چون آثار آموزش، اشتغال زنان و نقش ادوار تجاری در رفتار طلاق است که در ادبیات نظری و تجربی با ابهام روبروست. روش تحقیق، استفاده از الگو­ی داده‌های ترکیبی (پنل) بر اساس داده‌های استانی کشور طی دوره 1394-1386 است. نتایج برآورد الگو، رابطه مثبت بین بیکاری و تورم را با نرخ طلاق مورد تأیید قرار می‌دهد. همچنین، بررسی رفتار طلاق در چرخه‌های تجاری کشور نشان می‌دهد که در ایران طلاق، دارای رفتار مخالف چرخه­ای است. از سوی دیگر بر اساس تحلیل عوامل اجتماعی طلاق، افزایش اشتغال زنان با تحصیلات عالی، نرخ طلاق را کاهش می‌دهد. به عبارت دیگر اشتغال زنان تحصیلکرده در ایران، با کاهش مشقت اقتصادی باعث ثبات بیشتر خانواده شده ­است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impacts of Economic and Social Factors on Divorce Rate in Iran with Emphasis on Business Cycles, Women's Education and Employment

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hassan Dargahi 1
  • Mojtaba Ghasemi 2
  • Amin Beiranvand 3
1 Associate Professor of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University (Corresponding Author)
2 Assistant Professor of Law and Economics, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University
3 Ph.D Candidate in Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University
چکیده [English]

This paper investigates the role of socioeconomic factors in the divorce rate, with emphasis on business cycles, women’s education and employment which have ambiguous impacts in the literature. For this purpose, the empirical model is estimated by using the panel data econometrics, based on the data for 30 provinces of Iran over the period of 2007-2015. According to the results, inflation and unemployment rates have positive impacts on divorce rate and also, the business cycle effects in divorce indicate that the divorce in Iran has counter-cyclical behavior. The impacts of social factors on divorce show that educated women’s employment is positively related to marital stability through the reduction of family economic strain.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • business cycles
  • Divorce
  • Economy of Iran
  • Women Education
  • Women Employment
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