برآورد ارزش اقتصادی کارخانه‌داری با استفاده از رهیافت استون‌گری و روش ارزش‌افزوده

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد اقتصاد دانشگاه پیام نور تهران

2 استادیار اقتصاد پژوهشکده آمار ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد دانشگاه پیام نور تهران

چکیده

خانوار به عنوان نهاد بنیادی در هر جامعه و در چرخه­ی اقتصاد ملی، از یک طرف عرضه­کننده­ نیروی کار به بنگاه­ها در بازار نهاده‌ها و از سویی دیگر مصرف­کننده­ی کالاها و خدمات نهایی در بازار آن‌ها است. همچنین، خانوار تولیدکننده­ی بسیاری از کالاها و خدمات می­باشد که محصولات خانگی نامیده  می‌شود که ناشی از کار در خانه است. به­طور کلی،  کار خانگی با سه منظور خودمصرفی خانوار،  عرضه محصول به بازار برای کسب درآمد، و خانه­داری، انجام می‌گیرد. در این پژوهش ارزش اقتصادی کار خانه­داری برآورد شده است. از آنجا که هر خانوار برای حیات خود به حداقل زمان و حداقل مصرفِ  محصولات خانه­داری نیازمند است، در این پژوهش، از تابع تولید کاب داگلاس با لحاظ کردن دیدگاه استون­گری استفاده شده است. بر اساس یافته­های پژوهش، سهم ارزش اقتصادی کار خانه­داری، 4 درصد از درآمد ملی سال 1394 برآورد گردیده است. این در حالی است که در همان سال سهم فعالیت­هایی نظیر زراعت – باغداری و دامداری به ترتیب 8.33 و 5.57 درصد از درآمد ملی بوده است

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Estimating the Economic Value of Housekeeping using the Stone - Geary Approach and Value Added Method

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yeganeh Mosavi Jahromy 1
  • MohammadSadegh Alipour 2
  • Farhad Khodadad 1
  • Hamideh Torabi 3
1 Professor of Economics, Payame Noor University of Tehran, Tehran Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Economics, Statistics Research Center of Iran, Tehran Iran
3 Ph.D Candidate in Economics, Payame Noor University of Tehran, Tehran Iran
چکیده [English]

The household as a fundamental institution in every society and in the national economy, on the one hand, supplies the labor force to the firms in the inputs market and on the other hand, it is the consumer of the final goods and services in their market. Also, the household is the producer of many goods and services called home products resulting from working at home. Generally, housework is done for three purposes: household self-consumption, supplying the product to the market for gaining income, and housekeeping.  In this study the economic value of the housekeeping is estimated. Since every household requires a minimum of time and a minimum consumption of housekeeping products for its life, in this study the Cobb Douglas production function is used by considering the Stone - Geary approach. According to the findings, the economic value of housekeeping share is estimated at 4% of the 2015 national income. While, in the same year, the shares of activities such as agriculture-gardening and livestocking were had been 8.33% and 5.57% of national income, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Economic Value of Housekeeping
  • Value Added Method
  • Household Production Function
  • Stone-Geary Utility Function

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