Measuring Remote Labor Index and Supply Shock of the Covid-19 Virus in Iran

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Ph.D Candidate in Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran


The outbreak and spread of the corona virus in the world have caused great suffering and hardship to human society. But this suffering is not limited to disease and mortality and has put the global economy at risk. The shock caused by this virus on the world economy is very significant. Many countries have extensive quarantines and restrictions to curb the virus. Iran has also tried to control the spread of the disease by using social distancing and closing down non-essential jobs. Hence, Corona has been able to cause major economic problems. Therefore, in this study, the remote labor index (RLI) was calculated. Jobs and activities are classified into essential and non-essential. The data of 1397 for jobs and activities from the Statistics Center of Iran have been used, to calculate the supply shock caused by the Corona virus on the economy of Iran. The results show that the total supply shock was equal to 34% and according to the main occupational groups, the highest supply shocks were in the occupational groups of "artisans and related occupations" and "simple workers" with 70% and 62%, respectively.


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