Analyzing the Effects of Financial Inclusion on Poverty and Income Inequality in Iran: Panel Autoregressive Distributed Lags Approach

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Candidate in Economics, Faculty of Management and Economics, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Economics, Faculty of Management and Economics, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran



In recent years, financial inclusion increasingly has been raised as an important socio-economic issue in the political agenda of many governments and international institutions. Increasing attention to this issue is due to a better understanding of its importance and place in economic development and its key role in poverty reduction and inclusive and sustainable development of societies. Therefore, in this study, the effects of financial inclusion on the poverty and income inequality in 30 provinces of the country during the period of 2006-2020 have been investigated using the Panel Autoregressive with Distributed Lags model. The results of the estimation of the income inequality and poverty model show that financial inclusion in the long and short term has caused a decrease and an increase in the Gini coefficient (income inequality index) and the poverty (poverty index), respectively. In such a way that in the long term, with the increase in the financial inclusion index, the Gini coefficient has decreased by 0.91 percent and poverty by 0.20 percent. It can be argued that the existence of a strong financial market with low risk encourages investments. In addition to improving production and employment, this process improves income distribution and reduces poverty.


Main Subjects

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