Contribution of Non-oil Export on Income Gap of Iran Economy

Document Type : Original Article


1 Allameh Tabatabai University, Faculty Member

2 M.A. in Economic

3 M.A. in Economics


In this paper, the Non-oil export's effect on economic growth and income gap across Iran and its industrial partners is tested using time series and panel data datasets. To this end, the ordinary least square (OLS) and generalized method of moment (GMM) are applied. Results show that total export and oil export have positive effect on Iran’s economic growth, but non-oil export is an obstacle for its economic growth and is a factor that increases its income gap. With Non-oil export basket, Iranian economy will not have gain from non-oil exports in international market. Other results show that physical and human accumulation and financial development are engines for Iranian economic growth and factors that decrease its income gap and vis-à-vis population growth and nonoccurrence between official and parallel exchange market increase income gap across Iran and its industrial partners.      


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