Financial Frictions and The Effectiveness of Monetary Policy Instruments on The Power of The Banking System to Provide Credits

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor of Economics, Department of Economics,Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Shahid Beheshti University

2 M.A. in Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences of Shahid Beheshti University


One of the problems that is been facing the Iranian banking system, especially during the 1380s and 1390s, is the financial frictions that is evident in the form of increasing in the non performing loans, government debt accumulation and fixed assets. The existence of These financial frictions, on the one hand, leads to a reduction in the efficiency of the credit market, a reduction in the power of bank crediting and, as a result, firms’ exposure to credit constraint. On the other hand, these frictions cause to decrease the effect of expansionary monetary policy on on the power of the banking system to provide credits. This paper examined the effectiveness of expanding monetary policy tools on providing credit ability of banking system in the presence and absence of financial frictions within a structural macroeconometric model framework for the period of 1967-2015 .The results show that the effectiveness of the expanding monetary policy tools on the credit providing ability of the banking system in the absence of fiscal frictions is on average nearly 60 percent higher than when there are frictions. Therefore, it can be said that the effectiveness of expanding monetary policy tools on the increase in the credit providing ability of the banking system is reduced by almost 60 percent in the presence of financial frictions.


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