Investigating the Effect of International Sanctions on Iran's Trade Structure: A Network Theory Approach

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D Candidate in International Economics, School of Economics, Management & Social Sciences, University of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Economics, School of Economics, Management & Social Sciences, University of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran



After World War II, countries have used sanctions against target countries instead of military attacks to force them to change their policies. Particularly, following Iran revolution, Iran was sanctioned by the U.S. and its alliances which the strictest sanctions were imposed on Iran in 2012. From the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on, most of the levied sanctions were supposed to be lifted in 2016 by the United Nations which could alleviate the effect of sanctions on Iran economy. With regards to the effect of sanctions on countries economy, it is crucial to study the sanctions effectiveness on Iran economy. Therefore, this study compares the structural economic position of Iran in the international trade network in 2012 and 2016. Also, it investigates the effectiveness of international sanctions on Iran's structural position in the international trade network. Results show that Iran is not only a periphery in the international trade network, but also its structural position in the international trade network is not affected significantly by the sanctions.


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