بررسی اثرات صادرات غیر نفتی بر کاهش شکاف درآمدی در اقتصاد ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 کارشناس ارشد علوم اقتصادی دفتر امور بین‌الملل وزارت بازرگانی

3 کارشناس ارشد علوم اقتصادی دفتر دیوان محاسبات

چکیده

در این تحقیق اثر صادرات غیر نفتی بر رشد اقتصادی و شکاف درآمدی ایران با شرکای صنعتی آن با استفاده از داده‌های سری زمانی و  پانلی آزمون می‌شود. برای این منظور، از روش حداقل مربعات معمولی و روش گشتاورهای تعمیم یافته استفاده شده است. نتایج تحقیق نشان می‌دهد، اگر چه کل صادرات واقعی و صادرات نفتی اثری مثبت بر رشد اقتصاد ایران دارند، اما صادرات غیر نفتی مانعی برای رشد اقتصادی ایران و عاملی در افزایش شکاف درآمدی است، به‌طوری‌که با ترکیب فعلی، ایران منفعتی از صادرات غیر نفتی در عرصة بین المللی نخواهد برد. سایر نتایج نشان می‌دهد که انباشت سرمایة فیزیکی و انسانی و توسعة بخش مالی موتور محرکی برای رشد اقتصاد ایران هستند و عاملی در کاهش شکاف درآمدی به‌شمار می‌آیند. در مقابل، سیاست‌های مشوق زاد و ولد و عدم تطابق بازار ارز رسمی و غیر رسمی عواملی در افزایش شکاف درآمدی محسوب می‌شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Contribution of Non-oil Export on Income Gap of Iran Economy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Gholi Yosefi 1
  • Asghar Mobarak 2
  • Navideh Mohammadlu 3
1 Allameh Tabatabai University, Faculty Member
2 M.A. in Economic
3 M.A. in Economics
چکیده [English]

In this paper, the Non-oil export's effect on economic growth and income gap across Iran and its industrial partners is tested using time series and panel data datasets. To this end, the ordinary least square (OLS) and generalized method of moment (GMM) are applied. Results show that total export and oil export have positive effect on Iran’s economic growth, but non-oil export is an obstacle for its economic growth and is a factor that increases its income gap. With Non-oil export basket, Iranian economy will not have gain from non-oil exports in international market. Other results show that physical and human accumulation and financial development are engines for Iranian economic growth and factors that decrease its income gap and vis-à-vis population growth and nonoccurrence between official and parallel exchange market increase income gap across Iran and its industrial partners.      

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Non-oil Export
  • Economic Growth
  • income gap
  • panel data
  • GMM estimator
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