تأثیر اندازه دولت بر سرمایه اجتماعی در استان‌های ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اداری دانشگاه لرستان

2 دانشیار گروه اقتصاد بازرگانی دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اداری دانشگاه لرستان

3 استاد گروه اقتصاد دانشکده اقتصاد و علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با استفاده از داده‌های ترکیبی استان‌های ایران طی دوره‌ی زمانی 1392-1385، به بررسی تأثیر اندازه دولت (سهم مخارج مصرفی و عمرانی دولت از تولید ناخالص داخلی) بر سرمایه اجتماعی پرداخته است. در این راستا، بر اساس رهیافت پاتنام و کلمن برای اندازه‌گیری سرمایه اجتماعی در استان‌های کشور، سه سطح مشارکت، اعتماد و انسجام درنظر گرفته و به‌منظور ترکیب شاخص‌های مورد استفاده در این سطوح، از روش تحلیل عاملی استفاده شده است. برآورد الگو‌ها نیز با استفاده از تحلیل‌های هم‌جمعی ترکیبی و روش گشتاورهای تعمیم‌یافته انجام شده است. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که سهم مخارج مصرفی و عمرانی دولت از GDP و مجموع این دو سهم، اثر منفی و معناداری بر سرمایه اجتماعی در استان‌های ایران داشته‌ است. بنابراین، یکی از راه‌های تقویت سرمایه اجتماعی در استان‌های کشور، اصلاح فعالیت‌های دولت است. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Government on Social Capital in Provinces of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sahebe Mohamadianmansor 1
  • Mohammad Jafari 2
  • Nader Mehrgan 3
1 Ph.D. Candiddate in Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Lorestan University
2 Associate Professor of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Lorestan University
3 Professor of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, Bu-Ali Sina University
چکیده [English]

This study examines the effect of government size (government consumption expenditures as a share of GDP and government investment expenditures as a share of GDP) on social capital by using the panel data of the provinces of Iran during 2006-2013. In this regard, based on the Pathname and Coleman approach to measuring the social capital in the provinces, three levels of participation, trust and cohesion are considered and to combine the indicators, the factor analysis method has been used. Also, estimation of models was performed using panel co-integration analysis and Generalized Method of Moments (GMM). The results show that the government consumption expenditures as a share of GDP and government investment expenditures as a share of GDP and total of these two shares have a negative and significant effect on social capital in provinces of Iran. Therefore, one of the ways to strengthen social capital in the provinces is to adjust government activities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Government Size
  • Social Capital
  • Government consumption Expenditures
  • Government Investment Expenditures
  • Generalized Method of Moments (GMM)
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