راهبردهای مؤثر در تحقق پیچیدگی اقتصادی: کاربرد الگوسازی ساختاری ـ تفسیری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری سیاست‌گذاری علم و فناوری دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اداری دانشگاه مازندران

2 گروه مدیریت، هیات علمی دانشگاه مازندران، دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اداری

3 دانشیار گروه مدیریت بازرگانی دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اداری دانشگاه مازندران

4 دانشیار گروه اقتصاد بازرگانی دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اداری دانشگاه مازندران

چکیده

ادبیات گسترده‌ای در رابطه با اقتصاد دانش بنیان و پیچیدگی اقتصادی ارائه شده است، ولی تاکنون یک الگوی فراگیر از راهبردهای موثر در تحقق پیچیدگی اقتصادی و ارتباط بین آنها ارائه نشده است. لذا در این تحقیق در گام اول با انجام مصاحبه عمیق با 18 نفر از خبرگان، و بکارگیری روش داده بنیان و انجام مراحل سه گانه کدگذاری، 9 راهبرد موثر در تحقق پیچیدگی اقتصادی شناسایی گردید. در گام بعد با استفاده از یک متدولوژی تحلیلی تحت عنوان الگوسازی ساختاری تفسیری روابط بین راهبردها، و سطح بندی آنها به صورت یکپارچه مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت. این رویکرد، افراد و گروه­ها را قادر می‌سازد تا روابط پیچیده بین تعداد زیادی از عناصر را در یک موقعیت پیچیده، ترسیم نمایند؛ و به عنوان ابزاری برای نظم بخشیدن و جهت دادن به پیچیدگی روابط بین متغیرها عمل می‌کند. با استفاده از این تکنیک و پرسشنامه، راهبردها در 4 سطح، طبقه‌بندی شدند. براساس نتایج تحقیق، راهبردهای آینده­پژوهی و آینده‌نگاری مبتنی بر پیچیدگی اقتصادی، الگوبرداری هدفمند و هوشمندانه و آمایش سرزمینی ظرفیت­های توسعه، در ریشه‌ای‌ترین لایه قرار گرفتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effective Strategies in the Realization of Economic Complexity: Implication of Interpretive-Structural Modeling

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Mahdi َAhmadian Divkoti 1
  • Hasanali Aghajani 2
  • Meysam Shirkhodaei 3
  • Amir Mansour Tehranchian 4
1 Ph.D. of Science and Technology Policy, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, University of Mazandaran, (Corresponding Author)
2 Professor of Industrial Management, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, University of Mazandaran
3 Associate Professor of Business Management, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, University of Mazandaran
4 Associate Professor of Business Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, University of Mazandaran
چکیده [English]

An extensive literature has been presented on the knowledge-based economy and economic complexity, but no comprehensive pattern has been presented so far on the effective strategies for the realization of economic complexity and the relationships between them. In this research, in the first stage, by conducting a deep interview with 18 experts, and using the grounded theory method, nine effective strategies were identified in the realization of economic complexity. In the next stage, the relationships between the strategies and their leveling were analyzed in an integrated approach using an analytical methodology known as interpretive structural modeling (ISM). The ISM approach enables people and groups to draw the complex relationships between a large number of elements in a complex situation, and functions as a tool for regulation and orientation of the complexity in the relationships among variables. The strategies were classified at four levels using the ISM technique and a questionnaire. Based on the research results, future studies and foresight based on economic complexity smartly targeted modeling, and spatial planning of development capacities were the strategies placed in the roots of the layer.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Interpretative Structural Modeling
  • Economic Complexity
  • Strategies
  • Grounded theory
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