بررسی رابطه بین کیفیت خدمات گردشگری و رشد اقتصادی بلندمدت در قالب یک الگوی رشد درون زا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه اقتصاد دانشگاه بجنورد

2 استادیار گروه اقتصاد دانشکده علوم انسانی دانشگاه بجنورد

3 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد دانشکده اقتصاد و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

صنعت گردشگری بین‌المللی دارای پتانسیل بالایی برای ایجاد درآمدهای ارزی و افزایش اشتغال است و توجه به این صنعت می‌تواند نقش مهمی در روند توسعه اقتصادی ایران داشته باشد. مقاله حاضر با معرفی یک الگوی نظری و یک مطالعه تجربی، نقش کیفیت خدمات گردشگری و گردشگری درون‌زا را در رشد اقتصادی بلندمدت بررسی می‌کند. برای این منظور، یک الگوی رشد نظری تجارت بین­الملل ارائه می‌شود که در آن گردشگری موتور رشد اقتصادی است و کیفیت خدمات گردشگری بر رشد بلندمدت تأثیر می‌گذارد. هم‌چنین با ارائه یک تحلیل تجربی، رابطه بین گردشگری، کیفیت و رشد اقتصادی در ایران در بازه زمانی ۱۳۴۸-۱۳۹۴ آزمون گردید. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که در بلند­مدت ورود گردشگران و کیفیت اقامت­گاه­های گردشگری اثر مثبتی برتولید ناخالص داخلیایران دارد، درحالی­که تولید ناخالص داخلی خارجی دارای اثر منفی بر رشد اقتصادی ایران است. همچنین یافته­های مقاله حکایت از وجود رابطه علیتی دوطرفه بین رشد GDP حقیقی و رشد گردشگری در ایران دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between the Quality of Tourism Services and Economic Growth: An Endogenous Growth Model

نویسندگان [English]

  • Majid Dashtban Farooji 1
  • Abdollah Khoshnudi 2
  • Sahar Dashtban Faroji 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, University of Bojnord
2 Assistant Professor of Economics, Faculty of Humanities, University of Bojnord
3 PhD Candidate in Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences, University of Shahid Beheshti
چکیده [English]

The international tourism industry has a high potential for creating foreign exchange earnings and employment growth. Hence, attention to this industry can play an important role in the economic development of Iran. The study tries to propose a theoretical and empirical model that highlights the role of tourism services quality and endogenous tourism in economic growth. Hence a theoretical growth model of international trade has been employed where tourism is the main reason for growth and quality of tourism services has a positive impact on long-term growth. The study also provides the empirical analysis to test the relation between tourism quality and economic growth in Iran during 1969-2015. The results show that the tourist arrivals and quality of tourism accommodations have a positive effect on domestic GDP, but foreign GDP has a negative effect on it. The findings support a two-way causal relationship between real GDP growth and tourism growth in Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Endogenous Economic Growth
  • Quality in Tourism Services
  • Co-integration
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