عوامل مؤثر بر کیفیت حکمرانی در کشورهای دارای رانت منابع طبیعی: رویکرد معادلات همزمان داده‌های تابلویی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه اقتصاد دانشکده اقتصاد و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه اقتصاد دانشکده اقتصاد و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد دانشکده اقتصاد و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

10.29252/jem.2020.100521

چکیده

یکی از مهم‌ترین عوامل اثرگذار بر عملکرد اقتصادی کشورها، نهادهای با کیفیت هستند. از این‌رو، شناسایی عوامل تعیین‌کننده کیفیت نهادی و به طور خاص کیفیت حکمرانی، امکان اتخاذ سیاست‌های مناسب در جهت افزایش کیفیت حکمرانی را فراهم می‌کند. به علاوه، بهبود کیفیت حکمرانی باعث اصلاح ساختار مخارج دولت، بهبود عملکرد نظام مالیاتی و بهبود عملکرد اقتصادی کشورها می‌شود. بنابراین، هدف اصلی این پژوهش بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر کیفیت حکمرانی در کشورهای دارای رانت منابع طبیعی با استفاده از معادلات همزمان داده‌های تابلویی است. در این مطالعه از داده‌های 32 کشور دارای رانت منابع طبیعی در دوره زمانی 2015-2002 استفاده شده است. مهم‌ترین نتایج حاصل از برآورد نشان می‌دهد که تولید ناخالص سرانه، درآمدهای مالیاتی و آزادی مطبوعات بر کیفیت حکمرانی اثرگذار بوده‌اند. همچنین، کیفیت حکمرانی در کشورهای دارای رانت منابع نیز از طریق اثرگذاری بر ساختار مخارج دولت و سرمایه انسانی بر رشد اقتصادی اثرگذار بوده‌اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effective Factors on the Quality of Governance in Countries with Natural Resource Rent: Simultaneous Panel Data Equation Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abbas Arabmzar 1
  • Hojjat Izadkhasti 2
  • Saeed Beygmohammadi 3
1 Associate Professor of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
3 M.A in Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

One of the most important factors effecting the economic growth and sustainable development is high quality institutions in countries. Therefore, identifying the determinants of quality of institutions, especially those related to quality of governance, will provide appropriate means to increase quality of governance. In addition, improving the quality of governance will improve the structure of government spending and improve the economic performance of countries. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting the quality of governance in countries with natural resource rents using simultaneous equations of panel data. In this study we have used the data of 32 countries with natural resource rent in the period of 2002-2015. The results show that GDP per capita, tax revenues and freedom of press have affected the quality of governance. Also, the quality of governance in countries with resource rent has affected economic growth by influencing the structure of government spending and human capital.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Quality of Governance
  • Natural Resource Rent
  • Freedom of Press
  • panel data
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