بررسی آثار تحریم‌های بین‌المللی بر ساختار تجاری ایران: رویکرد نظریه شبکه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار بخش اقتصاد دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد بین‌الملل بخش اقتصاد دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

3 استادیار بخش اقتصاد دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

10.29252/ecoj.10.3.1

چکیده

پس از جنگ جهانی دوم، تحریم‌ها به عنوان سلاح جایگزین حمله نظامی از جانب کشورهای متجاوز علیه کشورهای هدف به منظور اعمال فشار بر آن‌ها استفاده شده‌اند. جمهوری اسلامی ایران نیز پس از انقلاب اسلامی، از سوی آمریکا و متحدانش تحت تحریم‌های متعدد قرار گرفته است که در سال 2012 این تحریم‌ها به اوج خود رسیده و در سال 2016 پس از تصویب برجام، مقرر گردید تا عمده این تحریم‌ها برچیده شود. از آنجایی که تحریم‌ها موقعیت اقتصادی کشورها بخصوص مبادلات بین‌المللی آن‌ها را متأثر می‌کند، بررسی میزان تأثیرپذیری کشورها از تحریم‌ها مهم و ضروری است. از این رو، در این مطالعه با مقایسه موقعیت ساختاری اقتصاد ایران در سال‌های 2012 و 2016، به بررسی تأثیرپذیری موقعیت ساختاری اقتصاد ایران در شبکه تجارت بین‌الملل پرداخته شده است. نتایج حاصل از این مطالعه نشان می‌دهد که نه تنها ایران جزء کشورهای پیرامون شبکه تجاری بوده است، موقعیت ساختاری اقتصاد ایران در شبکه تجارت بین‌الملل نیز تأثیر چندانی از تحریم‌ها نگرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Effect of International Sanctions on Iran's Trade Structure: A Network Theory Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ebrahim Hadian 1
  • Najmeh Sajedianfard 2
  • Ali Hussein Samadi 1
  • Zahra Dehghan Shabani 3
1 Associate Professor of Economics, School of Economics, Management & Social Sciences, University of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran
2 Ph.D Candidate in International Economics, School of Economics, Management & Social Sciences, University of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Economics, School of Economics, Management & Social Sciences, University of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran
چکیده [English]

After World War II, countries have used sanctions against target countries instead of military attacks in order to force them to change their policies. Particularly, following Iran revolution, Iran was sanctioned by the U.S. and its alliances which the most strict sanctions were imposed on Iran in 2012. From the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on, most of the levied sanctions were supposed to be lifted in 2016 by the United Nations which could alleviate the effect of sanctions on Iran economy. With regards to the effect of sanctions on countries economy, it is crucial to study the sanctions effectiveness on Iran economy. Therefore, this study compares the structural economic position of Iran in the international trade network in 2012 and 2016. Also, it investigates the effectiveness of international sanctions on Iran's structural position in the International trade network. Results show that Iran is not only a periphery in the international trade network, but also its structural position in the international trade network is not affected significantly by the sanctions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • International Trade
  • Iran Economy
  • Network theory
  • sanctions
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